There are many challenges in closing North Korea’s huge nuclear program.
Seoul, North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un and US president Donald Trump are due to be held in Singapore on Tuesday, a much anticipated summit. North Korea has declared nuclear disarmament but North Korea’s former nuclear disarmament is not so easy. There are many challenges in this way. North Korea has many atomic bombs, whose exact number can only be estimated. Apart from this, he has a collection of radioactive elements like plutonium and uranium. There are many deadly missiles like the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM). Scientists are working day and night in North Korea’s weapon factories. In such a situation, North Korea’s “full nuclear-disarmament” will take a long time.
North Korea has said that if the US gives reliable assurances of security and some other benefits, then it will completely eliminate its nuclear reserves. However, before the trump-Kim summit to be held on Tuesday, the promise of North Korea is being looked at with suspicion that it will easily destroy those nuclear weapons, due to which they face all international sanctions Had to do
For North Korea, it is not a difficult task to hide some of its atomic bombs and radioactive substances, because they have made all the secret bases around them. The size of North Korea’s nuclear reserves is a mystery. According to estimates, he may have atomic bombs from 10 to 60-70 years. It is also unclear how proficient they are in nuclear technology. It is one thing to do nuclear tests and to make precise targets by fitting atom bombs on long range missiles is another thing. North Korea has underground explosions 6 times since 2006, about 2 of them have claimed the test of hydrogen bomb.
Kim had said in November that his country is an expert in nuclear technology, and all foreign experts and governments believe that North Korea is fully versatile in nuclear technology or not, but at least it has been growing in that direction at least. In October last year, the then CIA director Mike Pompeo had said that North Korea has reached close to the potential of the attack from the missile to the US.
Many analysts believe that North Korea is capable of fitting nuclear weapons on those short-range missiles, which can reach South Korea and Japan. About 80,000 American soldiers are deployed in South Korea and Japan. Atomic bombs can be developed from plutonium or highly enriched uranium and North Korea has both of these. In a report of the 2016 South Korea Government, it was reported that North Korea has promoted 50 kilograms of plutonium which is enough to make 6 to 10 nuclear bombs. North Korea closed the factory producing plutonium in its main nuclear complex located in Nyongbiyon in 2007. At that time, he did this for easing restrictions but later the agreement failed. Satellite photos indicate that North Korea has resumed production of plutonium in Nyongbiyon in recent years.
Stanford University experts recently wrote that North Korea has a repository of advanced uranium from 250 kg to 500 kg. So many uranium can be made from 25 to 30 atomic bombs. According to an estimate, North Korea has made more than 10,000 underground tunnels and structures. In such a situation, it is not difficult to hide some plutonium, uranium or atomic bombs.
America will also like to include Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) in North Korea in its disarmament program, because these missiles can target America’s mainland with atomic bombs. Last year, North Korea had tested 3 ICBM and claimed that they were all endowed with nuclear power.
In May, North Korea destroyed its single nuclear test site to show its commitment to nuclear disarmament. Although the closure of a nuclear test site in the presence of a small group of foreign journalists does not guarantee that it will not catch the path of nuclear programs again. Experts say that there is a need to take many more important steps for the entire nuclear disarmament of North Korea.