The massive threat on Earth has passed, and the Earth’s magnetic field has also calmed down due to the Sun’s giant storm. The coronal mass ejection continued for over 20 hours due to the storm. Its expulsion has halted presently. It is yet unknown how much damage the Sun storm has caused to Earth’s magnetic field.
The Sun was seen to explode three times between November 1 and 5. The solar storm generated by explosions didn’t stop, affecting Earth’s magnetic field. A G3-class geomagnetic storm triggered spiked auroras at lower latitudes. Solar heat accelerated to 583 kilometers per second due to the Sun’s outburst. A powerful G3 geomagnetic storm nearly reached Los Angeles, according to Spaceweather.com. In a “cannibal CME,” numerous solar storm clouds hit Earth simultaneously, the space agency said.
Billion-Ton Fire Storms
The explosion ejects plasma and magnetic force from the Sun along with the heat, according to the NOAA’s Space Weather Prediction Center. Deriving from this, the Sun emits billions of tonnes of coronal material. Less than 250 kilometers per second, CMEs migrate outward from the Sun. CMEs can take 15–18 hours to reach Earth.
“Cannibal” CME from the Sun is dubbed by scientists. Auras are light beams that appear in the sky when a CME collides with Earth’s magnetic field. Ongoing solar storms have been causing threats to neighboring planets for a week. The Sun’s storms may alter the Earth’s magnetic field. The destruction is extensive. But the damage assessment is still incomplete.
The Space Weather Prediction Center said the storm might “destroy some safety equipment and several satellite navigation systems.” Surface charges and storms interacting with radio signals from Earth may also damage the International Space Station (ISS). However, NASA has yet to publish a report on the impact of solar cannibal explosions.
Coronal Mass Ejection (CME)
Sunspots trapped in the Sun’s magnetic field blast massive spheres of gas and magnetic fields into space. On November 1 and 2, sunspot AR2887 generated two of these explosions. On November 2, a third explosion was observed at AR2891, a second sunspot. The third explosion above the Sun, dubbed ‘cannibal,’ moves quicker towards Earth than the previous two. The moment has come to the third circle between the first and second.
What is a solar storm?
Sangeeta Abdu Jyoti, a UC scientist, has previously stated that Earth may suffer a massive solar storm in the future. Solar storms are highly destructive coronal masses emitted from the Sun.
Due to the solar storm, internet service on Earth may be disrupted for days. It can also impact electrical supplies. As a result, several countries may be left in the dark for days. Science was concerned after Sangeeta presented her findings at the SIGCOM 2021 Data Communication Conference.