21 October 1943 is an extraordinary day for India. On this day, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose announced the Provisional Government of Independent India in Singapore. Along with this, by forming the Azad Hind Fauj afresh, he breathed life into it.
On that day, representatives of the Indian Independence League gathered at the Cathay Cinema Hall in Singapore to hear the historic announcement of the establishment of the Provisional Government of Independent India. It was full. Not even an inch of space to stand.
As soon as it is 04 in the evening. Netaji stood on the stage. He had to make a special announcement. This announcement was in 1500 words prepared by Netaji sitting in the night two days ago.
The declaration said, “It will be the job of the Provisional Government to expel the British and their friends from India. It will also be the job of the Provisional Government to form a permanent government of Azad Hind according to the wishes of the Indians and of their faith.
Subhas Chandra Bose (Netaji) held three posts
In the provisional government, Subhash Chandra Bose became the Prime Minister and Minister of War and Foreign Affairs. Apart from this, there were three more ministers in this government. Also, a 16 member ministerial-level committee. The oath of allegiance to India was taken after the Provisional Government was announced.
Everyone was emotional
When Subhash stood up to take the oath of allegiance, everyone in the Cathay Hall was emotional. The atmosphere stunned. Then Subhash’s voice echoed, “In the name of God, I take this sacred oath that I will free India and its 38 crore inhabitants.”
Netaji’s tears started flowing from his eyes
After that, Netaji stopped. His voice stopped because of emotions. Tears started flowing from his eyes to his cheeks. He wiped away the tears by taking out a handkerchief. At that time, there were tears in everyone’s eyes. Subhash had to wait for some time to control the emotions.
I will fight till my last breath
Then he started reading, “I, Subhash Chandra Bose, will fight the holy fight for freedom till the last breath of my life. I will always be the servant of India. I will consider the welfare of 38 crore brothers and sisters as my best duty.
With the formation of the provisional government, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose also breathed new life into the Azad Hind Fauj. He also made its headquarters in Singapore itself.
“Even after independence, I will always be ready to shed the last drop of my blood for the defense of India’s freedom”. After Netaji’s speech, the slogans of “Inquilab Zindabad,” “Azad Hind Zindabad” echoed in the sky.
Azad hind government
Subhas Chandra Bose – Head of State, Prime Minister, Minister of War and Foreign Affairs
Captain Smt. Lakshmi – Women’s Organization
SA Iyer – Publicity and Broadcasting
Lt. Col. AC Chatterjee – Finance
Lt. Col. Aziz Ahmed, Lt., Col. NS Bhagat, Lt. Col JK Bhonsle, Lt. Colonel Gulzar Singh, Lt. Col. M. Z. Kiani, Lt. Colonel Eddie Loganadan, Lt. Colonel Ehsan Qadir, Lt. Col Shahnawaz (Representative of the Armed Forces), AM Assistant Secretary, Rasbihari Bose (Highest Adviser), Karim Ghani, Devnath Das, DM Khan, A, Yalappa, J Thivi, Sarkar Ishar Singh (Consultant), AN Sarkar (Legal Adviser)
7 countries had given recognition immediately
This government of Bose was immediately recognized by Germany, Japan, the Philippines, Korea, Italy, Manchukuo, and Ireland. Japan gave the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to this provisional government. Netaji went to those islands. Gave them a new name. Andaman was renamed as Shaheed Dweep and Nicobar as Swaraj Dweep. On 30 December 1943, the flag of independent India was also hoisted on these islands.