Solar System

Solar System: Fundamentals that makeup life found in the dust that makes up the solar system

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Our scientists are investigating at many levels how life came to Earth. One of these is discovering the circumstances of the creation of elements capable of creating space life. In this discovery, our astrophysicists have indicated the presence of such molecules in the dust clouds of space that may form the solar system in the future, where life can flourish if other favorable factors exist. This discovery suggests that our Earth is no special or exception because many other worlds have similar life-forming compounds as there are on Earth.

Components of life in space
Katherine Walsh, an astrophysicist from the University of Leeds and who worked on this research, said that the main results of this work show that the components that made life on our planet have been found in other stars as well. The molecules that started life on Earth may be also readily available in the planet-forming environment.

Over 50 years old mystery
With all the diversity, life on Earth has evolved like a recipe in lukewarm water from some biological molecules and minerals. The shaping of this soup of carbon-based chemicals, including hydrogen and nitrogen, has been a mystery that researchers have been trying to solve for more than five decades.

Life in the entire Galaxy
Recent discoveries have shown that Earth’s ancient biochemistry may have originated from interstellar processes, or it may have started even before that. This has made it very easy for scientists to believe that life can exist in our Galaxy, not as an exception, but in general.

Where the presence of biological components
John Ailey, an astrophysicist at the University of Leeds in the UK and who led the study, said that many of the environments where he found such complex organic molecules were removed or removed from where we think planets may have formed. . He said that he and his team wanted to understand where these components occur in the place where the planets form, that is, in the protoplanetary disk.

Study of protoplanetary disks
Ailey’s team attempted to map remote dust clouds and rocks by tracking some of the critical early components of the biochemistry that form the new solar system. Relying on the investigation of protoplanetary disks located very far from Earth is a difficult task. But the disc chosen by the researchers had such an angle that the entire disc was well visible.

Special compound investigation
The researchers used the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile and studied many protoplanetary disks in search of spectral signs of organic molecules, and primarily hydrogen cyanide, which is a form of life-like chemicals containing carbon and nitrogen. The factor is the source.

The researchers found that by observing the density and distribution of the source substances that make up the chemicals necessary for life, they can confidently say that these emerging solar systems have the same reserves of organic matter as in our solar system. In the study published in the Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, the researchers’ main conclusion was that the Earth is not as unique a planet as it is believed.