Every year on January 1, we celebrate the start of a new year. We forget that today is an important day for Indian science during this festivity. Satyendra Nath Bose, India’s famous scientist, was born on this day. Satyendra Nath Bose is an Indian physicist frequently associated with Albert Einstein, widely regarded as the most outstanding scientist of all time. Bose is a scientist and mathematician well recognized for his quantum physics research. He had a good friendship with Albert Einstein, the brilliant physicist.
Satyendra Nath Bose was born in Kolkata on January 1, 1894. Surendranath Bose, his father, worked in the East Indian Railway Company’s engineering department. Satyendra Nath was the family’s sole brother, with six younger sisters. Satyendra Nath had his early schooling in the Nadia district’s Bada Jagulia hamlet. He was interred at Kolkata’s Presidency College, where he studied under Jagdish Chandra Bose and Prafulla Chandra Ray.
Satyendra Nath Bose consistently received the best grades in his exams and was always placed first. Because of his talent, it was predicted that he would one day join the ranks of Pierre Simon, Laplace, and Augustine Louis Couthi as mathematicians. All of the period’s prominent scientists and mathematicians were counted. He also co-authored an English book based on Einstein’s original German thesis, which he taught.
Satyendra Nath then forwarded his essay to Einstein directly. He had it translated into German and published. In the eyes of the world, Satyendra Nath Bose arrived. His thoughts caused a stir in the physics theories of the day. Consequently, Bose was able to spend two years working in European X-ray and crystallography facilities, where he met Louis de Broglie, Marie Curie, and Albert Einstein.
Maxwell and Boltzmann devised specific statistics for the mathematics of gas molecule motion that functioned well up to the level of atoms. However, after the subatomic particles inside the atom were discovered, their statistics failed. He devised a novel statistical method for them, known as Bose-Einstein statistics.
Scientists studied subatomic particles in-depth and mainly discovered two sorts. One was called ‘Boson’ after Satyendra Nath Bose, while the other was named ‘Fermion’ after Enrico Fermi, a prominent scientist. He dubbed the God particle ‘Higgs-boson particle’ after Bose after finding it in 2012. Seven Nobel Prizes have been given to scientists based on Bose’s theories, although Bose himself never received one.