Each and every one of them fought in the freedom struggle of the country. While some revolted and fought against the British, others aroused the desire for independence among the people through their writings and poems to liberate the motherland. One such person is the cosmologist, composer of the national anthem, and Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861, the fourteenth child of Devendranath Tagore and Shardadevi. Rabindranath’s childhood was very stressful. He would sit in front of the castor lamp holding a book and yawning and reading.
When he wakes up, he goes to the garden of his house and admires the beauty of nature. Rabindranath Tagore grew up modest and modest. As a child, he had to stay within the four walls of the house, and the outside world seemed wonderful to him. The world is a mystery, and he is curious to know that mystery. Unwilling to go to school, Tagore studied at home. Practising maths, history, geography lessons in the morning, painting in the evening, games, English.
On Sundays music, physics experiments, Sanskrit grammar learners. Rabindranath Kalidasa, who was fluent in Bengali as well as English, was fond of reading Shakespeare’s works. Rabindranath, who went to England for higher education, listened to the lectures of Professor Marley and developed further interest in English literature. He listened to the speeches of literary men, interacted with them, attended plays and concerts, and became accustomed to English cultural traditions.
There he would write about his experiences in letters to his friend Bharti. While in England, Vishwakavi wrote a poem called Bhagna Hridayam. Virgarer also wrote devotional songs called Swapna Banga and Sangeeta Prabhat. Gitanjali is the greatest of Rabindranath’s works. Devotional songs written in Bengali have been translated into English under the name Gitanjali. It was later translated into many world languages. This is a great work in world literature. The highlight of the Gitanjali is the depressing depressions of man, the great message of seeing all creation with love and the greatness of labour.
This work won him the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. Achieved the title of Vishwakavi. He also became not only the first Indian to win the Nobel Peace Prize, but also the first person in Asia to do so. Rabindranath was not only a writer, he was the founder of the Visva-Bharati University, popular as Santiniketan, in the style of the ancient Gurukuls who nurtured the hearts of children. Starting with five students, Visva-Bharati gradually expanded. Students dined in teachers’ homes. Their daily routine is to wake up in the morning, do chores, clean their rooms themselves, bathe, pray, and go to bed at regular times.
Health, hygiene, speech purification, respect for elders and teachers are taught here. Kalabhavan was established in 1919 to teach different arts to students. Rabindranath, who considered rural development to be national development, established Sriniketan and worked hard for the reconstruction of the village. Vishwakavi, who first wrote a play called Valmiki Pratibha, later wrote several plays. Chitrangada, a play written by Rabindranath Tagore, brought him fame. Nature – Symbol narrates the story of a monk who leaves the world. Vishwakari wrote many plays such as Kachadevayani, Visarjana, Sharadotsav, Muktadhara, Natirpuja etc.
The social purpose of religions blending in with any other mutual friendship further cemented Rabindranath’s reputation for the message-packed novel ‘Gora’. Nationalism has been high since before Rabindranath. He sang patriotic songs at the Hindu Mela and propagated nationalism. Prithviraj wrote an instructive verse play about defeat. Vishwakari wrote many plays such as Kachadevayani, Visarjana, Sharadotsav, Muktadhara, Natirpuja etc.
The social purpose of religions blending in with any other mutual friendship further cemented Rabindranath’s reputation for the message-packed novel ‘Gora’. Nationalism has been high since before Rabindranath. He sang patriotic songs at the Hindu Mela and propagated nationalism. Prithviraj wrote an instructive verse play about defeat.
With this, Babu Rajendra Prasad, Chairman of the Constituent Assembly, declared Janaganamana as the National Anthem and Vande Mataram as the National Anthem on January 24, 1950. At the same time, he made it clear that the two would have equal freedom. Rabindranath Tagore also wrote the national anthem of Bangladesh ‘Amar Sona Bangla’.
Tagore first captivated the audience by singing his poems at the Hindu Mela in 1875. ‘Anandabazar’ magazine published those poems and gave excellent publicity to Rabindranath. Devendranath’s father married Rabindranath in 1883, thinking that marriage was the only way to change his son, whose poetry was the ultimate.
He later handed over his farm responsibilities as well. Tagore was shocked to see the miserable life of the farm labourers on the farm. He helped them a lot to improve their lives. Rabindranath constantly worked for the emancipation of his motherland through his writings. He worked for the independence of the country through many patriotic songs, poems and speeches.
Rabindranath Tagore said that India never knew the true meaning of nationalism. A book entitled Nationalism includes his speeches and writings on Western, Japanese and Indian nationalism.