Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad 90th death anniversary: He received a lot of respect


A great tribute to the great revolutionary, patriotic immortal martyr Chandra Shekhar Azad, for his sacrifice. Chandra Shekhar Azad was a revolutionary in whose name the British rule trembled. With his patriotism, indomitableness, courage and sacrifice, he had raised the fame of freedom in the heart of every Indian.

Birthplace and childhood of Chandra Shekhar Azad

Azad was born on 23 July 1906 as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari in Bhabhara village in Alirajpur district of present-day Madhya Pradesh. His ancestors were from Badarka village near Kanpur (in the present-day Unnao district). His mother, Jagarani Devi, was the third wife of Sitaram Tiwari, whose previous wives had died at a young age. After the birth of their first son Sukhdev in Badarka, the family moved to Alirajpur state.

His mother wanted his son to be a great Sanskrit scholar and sent his father to study at Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras. In 1921, when the Non-Cooperation Movement was at its peak, 15-year-old student Chandra Shekhar joined. As a result, he was arrested on 20 December. A week later, when presented before a magistrate, when the magistrate asked his name, he gave his name as “Azad” (The Free), his father’s name as “Swatantra” (independence) and his place of residence as “Jail” Told. From the same day, he came to be known as Chandra Shekhar Azad among the people. ‘

The journey of Chandra Shekhar Azad

After Gandhi postponed the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1922, Azad became more aggressive. He met a young revolutionary, Manmath Nath Gupta, who introduced him to Ram Prasad Bismil. He formed the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), a revolutionary organization. Then became an active member of HRA and started collecting funds for HRA. Most of the fund collection was done through the loot of government property. He was involved in the Kakori train robbery in 1925, to avenge the assassination of Lala Lajpat Rai in 1928 at Lahore. P. He was involved in shooting Saunders. Finally in 1929 in an attempt to blow up the Viceroy of India’s train.

Despite being a member of the Congress, Motilal Nehru regularly gave money in support of Azad. Azad made Jhansi the centre of his organization for some time. He used the Orchha forest at a distance of 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Jhansi as a site for shooting exercises and being an expert shooter, he trained other members of his group. Also, he built a hut near a Hanuman temple on the banks of the river Satar. He lived there for a long time under the surname of Pandit Harishankar Brahmachari. He taught the children of the nearby village Dhimarpura (now renamed Azadpura by the Government of Madhya Pradesh). Thus succeeded in establishing a good rapport with the local residents.

Formation of Hindustan Republican Association

While living in Jhansi, he also learned to drive a car in the Bundelkhand Motor Garage in Sadar Bazar. Sadashivrao Malkapurkar, Vishwanath Vaishampayan and Bhagwan Das Mahore came in close contact with him and became an integral part of his revolutionary group. The then Congress leaders of Raghunath Vinayak Dhulekar and Sitaram Bhaskar Bhagwat were also close to Azad. He stayed in Nai Basti, the home of Rui Narayan Singh, as well as the house of Bhagwat in Nagra.

One of his main supporters was Bundelkhand Kesari Diwan Shatrughan Singh, the founder of the freedom movement in Bundelkhand, who gave Azad financial help as well as arms and combatants. Azad visited his fort several times in Magrath.

The Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) was formed in 1923 by Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Sachindra Nath Sanyal Shachindra Nath Bakshi and Ashfaqulla Khan.
After the Kakori train robbery in 1925, the British ceased revolutionary activities. Prasad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Thakur Roshan Singh and Rajendra Nath Lahiri were sentenced to death for their involvement. Azad, Keshab Chakraborty and Murari Sharma took over. Chandra Shekhar Azad later reorganized HORA with the help of revolutionaries like Shea Verma and Mahavir Singh.


Azad died on 27 February 1931 at Alfred Park (now Azad Park), Allahabad. Virbhadra Tiwari (his old partner, who later became a traitor) informed him to be there when the police surrounded him in the park. He was injured in the process of defending himself and Sukhdev Raj and killed three policemen and injured others.
His actions made Sukhdev Raj’s escape possible. He shot himself after being surrounded by police and left no option but to flee after the ammunition ran out. Further, it is said that he used to keep a bullet to kill himself in case he was caught by the British. Chandra Shekhar Azad’s colt pistol is on display at the Allahabad Museum.

The body was sent to Rasulabad Ghat for cremation without informing the general public. As soon as it was discovered, people surrounded the park where the incident took place. They raised slogans against British rule and praised Azad.