Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela Death Anniversary: ​​Story of intense struggle for freedom

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Both India and South Africa had to struggle a lot for independence. But the story of both the countries is also very different. Where the fight for independence was fought in India, the struggle in South Africa was against apartheid along with independence. Similarly, the struggle story of Nelson Mandela is different. The world remembers him for his contribution on his death anniversary on 5 December.

Left post for advocacy
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mwejo in Umtata, Cape Province, South Africa. Nelson’s father was a tribal chieftain of the town of Mwejo. He was educated in missionary schools. His father died at the age of 12. After this, he left the post of a chieftain of his caste to study law.

Against racism and discrimination during advocacy
In 1941, at the age of 23, Nelson Mandela fled from his own marriage and Johannesburg. Two years later, he began studying law at the Afrikaner Witwatersrand University, where he met people of different races and backgrounds. During this time, he came in contact with liberal, radical and African ideologies. Due to racism and discrimination, a passion for politics arose in him.

Politics before advocacy
Before completing the law, Mandela joined the African National Congress in 1944. He soon became dear to him because of his jovial personality and, along with his allies, founded the African National Congress Youth League and three years later became its secretary. And was also elected a member of the Executive Committee of the African National Congress of Transvaal Province.

Against apartheid at the national level
Due to being busy in politics, Mandela failed three times in the final year of law studies, but in 1949 he did get his law degree. In 1950, he was elected the National Executive of the ANC. After this, he tried to bring together African, Indian and other communities. And kept working against racism.

Life sentence case
In 1956, Mandela was tried for treason and 155 other activists, but after four years of trial, he was proved innocent, and the charges against him were dropped. The following year he was prosecuted for inciting workers to strike and was sentenced to treason in 1964.

Struggle in prison
A new struggle of Mandela started even in prison. For punishment, he was sent to the Robin Island jail, which was infamous like the Cellular Jail of Andaman for the punishment of Kalapani in India. He lived for 18 years and struggled for the black prisoners in this prison. He was imprisoned several times in a solitary room because of the allegations of getting newspaper clippings for which he was banned.

Political concessions and health
After this, he remained in Cape Town’s Polsmoor Prison until 1988 and then in Victor Verster Jail until 1990. In both places, he got many political exemptions, due to which he remained a particular figure on the political scene of South Africa. He also turned down many proposals of the then South African government. During this, his health also deteriorated several times.

He was released on 11 February 1990 after serving 27 years in jail. After this, he laid the foundation of a democratic and multiracial South Africa. In the 1994 non-discrimination election, Mandela’s African National Congress won 62 per cent of the vote, and Mandela became the first black president of his country. The new constitution of South Africa came into force in 1996. After leaving active politics in 1997, he died on 5 December 2013 after a prolonged illness.