Work on many NASA missions goes on simultaneously. But out of these, astronomers are of particular interest not in spacecraft sent to Earth or any planet but on telescope-observing campaigns in distant space. At present, the Hubble Space Telescope is working more than its expected period. By the end of this month, NASA’s James Space Webb Telescope is to be launched. Meanwhile, NASA has announced that its Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope has passed a critical design review.
Work on many NASA missions goes on simultaneously. But out of these, astronomers are of particular interest not in spacecraft sent to Earth or any planet but on telescope-observing campaigns in distant space. At present, the Hubble Space Telescope is working more than its expected period; by the end of this month, NASA’s James Space Webb Telescope is to be launched. Meanwhile, NASA has announced that its Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope has passed a critical design review.
NASA says that this means that all the design and engineering development work of this observatory has been completed. After extensive hardware testing and complex modeling, an independent review panel confirmed that the observatory was working, said Julie McEnery, senior project scientist for the Roman Space Telescope at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, US, will be able to work.
NASA has named this Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) after Nancy Grace Roman, NASA’s first chief astronomer who paved the way for focusing space telescopes for space observation. The mother of Hubble is called. McEnery said, “We know how it will look and what its capabilities will be. Now that the groundwork has been done, the team is excited that it is looking forward to building this observatory and testing it further.”
The Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope, or simply the Roman Space Telescope, is the next-generation observatory that will study space in depth and detail. Its specialty will be to identify infrared signals coming from space. Thanks to its advanced capabilities, astronomers will observe thousands of planets, millions of galaxies, and billions of stars. Astronomers are hoping that many such rocky planets will be detected where there may be water through this. The highest hopes in this campaign are about solving the mystery of dark energy and dark matter.
Jackie Townsend, deputy project manager for the Rome Space Telescope at Goddard, said, “Now that this review is complete, we are entering an exciting phase where we will have to test the Roman hardware together. When the flight hardware is ready by 2024, we’ll finally have to try the entire observatory in an environment that simulates launch and orbit to prove it works as designed. It is to be launched before May 2027.
The Roman Telescope will provide the exact infrared resolution as Hubble, but it will perform a cosmic survey over an area 200 times larger than Hubble’s view. It will take 200 years for Hubble to complete. It Will take time. Roman will help map stars, galaxies, and dark matter, allowing astronomers to investigate the formation and evolution of cosmic structures such as clusters and galaxy superclusters. Apart from this, he will explore dark energy, which is responsible for accelerating the universe’s expansion.
The Roman Space Telescope campaign will also search for many planets, including those far away from their stars. Such planets are not yet visible in the investigation of our exoplanets. Apart from this, Roman will also study the principles of nearby galaxies, new asteroids, comets, minor planets outside the solar system, such as many astrophysical surveys. Our scientists will try to understand the universe better than the Romans’ surveys and try to know our position in it.