Moon ancient volcanoes new source of water on its surface

cosmos science

The Moon is the Earth’s only natural satellite. It is no longer as geologically active as Earth, but it was once. Hundreds of dots observed on this body’s surface indicate that there were formerly many volcanic outbursts (Volcanic Eruptions on Moon). However, new research suggests that these volcanoes discharged a massive amount of water on the Moon, which is now present here in the form of ice sheets. This discovery has scientists quite excited since it might address a lot of difficulties for future human missions.

“Polar Ice Accumulation from Volcanically Induced Transit Atmospheres on the Moon,” a study by CU Boulder, was published in the journal The Planetary Science. Water was released so much owing to volcanic eruptions, according to this study, that the ice sheet on the moon is now hundreds of metres thick in numerous areas.

Researchers utilised computer simulations to recreate the circumstances on the Moon before the development of life on Earth for this study. They discovered that ancient volcanoes ejected massive volumes of steam onto the Moon’s surface, which accumulated as ice over time.

According to researchers, if humans had existed at the time, we would have been able to see a silver shimmering line on the Moon’s surface marking the border between day and night. This study has bolstered the idea that the amount of water on the Moon is far more than what our experts predicted.

Even before that, research in the year 2020 estimated that 15 thousand square kilometres of the lunar surface may be used to save ice. The majority of this region was said to be around the South and North Poles in that research. Volcanoes, on the other hand, maybe a rich supply of water in their natural state. Thousands of volcanoes erupted over the Moon’s surface between 2 and 4 billion years ago, forming huge lava rivers and lakes.

According to a recent study, these volcanoes may have emitted massive clouds of carbon monoxide and water vapour. The clouds would have then produced a thin, transient atmosphere. After then, their water would have gradually risen to the surface, turning to ice.

To test this theory, scientists created a replica of the Moon’s surface that was billions of years old. On average, the Moon would have seen a big volcanic eruption every 22,000 years, according to researchers. Following that, they looked into the flow of gases emitted by the explosions around the moon, which may have dissipated over time.

They discovered that 41% of the water spilt by the volcano was frozen in the form of ice on the Moon, with an estimated volume of 8 quadrillion gallons. This water supply can be used by Chandrayatri in future human expeditions. Finding these reserves, however, is a difficult process. The majority of the water may have sunk to the poles or froze in the moon’s dust.