The name of Lala Lajpat Rai holds a special place in the Indian independence movement. Lalaji, a politician, historian, lawyer, and writer, was known as Punjab Kesari, who was won by the famous trio. Lal Bal Pal’s Lala contributed to the freedom movement, his death also contributed to the freedom among the youth of the country. Served as an inspiration for the fight. The nation is remembering him on his death anniversary on November 17. He died in 1928 due to injuries sustained during a peaceful protest against the Simon Commission, which sparked outrage against the British across the country.
Arya Samaj and Congress contact during advocacy
Lala Lajpat Rai was born on January 28, 1865, in the Agrawal family in the Moga district of Punjab. His father, Munshi Radhakrishna Azad, was a teacher of Urdu. In 1880, he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta and Panjab University. His law studies started when his father went to live in Hisar. During this time, he came in contact with Arya Samaj, and then in 1885, he became a prominent member of the Congress at the time of its establishment.
Social reformer and educationist
Lala Lajpat Rai was also a social reformer who also did exceptional work for education. For social service, Dayanand joined Saraswati, who had founded Arya Samaj. He played an essential role in the establishment of Arya Samaj in Punjab. Lala Ji had given the first indigenous bank to the country. He had laid the foundation of the Punjab National Bank in Punjab. He also spread Dayanand Anglo Vedic Schools, today known as DAV Schools, across the country.
Opposition to Simon Commission
In the year 1927, the British sent the Simon Commission for legal reforms in India. There was not a single Indian member in this, due to which the whole country, including Congress, protested. The Congress, under the leadership of Gandhiji, decided to hold peaceful protests across the country. In this, the slogan of Congress’s Simon Go Back echoed across the country. Lala Ji took responsibility for this protest in Punjab.
Lathi charge on Lalaji in Lahore
Lala Lajpat Rai opposed this commission in Lahore, Punjab, and protested peacefully by showing black flags to the commission. Angered by this, the British police lathi-charged the protesting crowd led by Lala Lajpat Rai. Lala Ji was seriously injured in this lathi-charge led by SP James A Scott.
After being injured, the injured Lalaji had said that every stick lying on his body would prove to be the last nail in the coffin of the British Raj. After this, Lala Ji kept fighting for life and death in the hospital for 18 days, and he died on November 17, 1928. There was outrage in the whole country due to the death of Lala Ji.
Revenge of Bhagat Singh and his companions
After the death of Lala Ji, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Rajguru, and Chandrashekhar Azad together planned to kill Scott to avenge Lalaji’s death. But due to a mistake in identification, Bhagat Singh and Rajguru shot John P Saunders, who was then the SP of Lahore. On December 17, 1928, both shot him when he was leaving the district police headquarters in Lahore. At the same time, Azad helped them to escape.
Lala Lajpat Rai had become the voice of Punjab due to his eloquent speech. People in Punjab respected him a lot. This was the reason why Bhagat Singh and his fellow revolutionaries had decided to avenge his death. Due to this value, he was called Punjab Kesari. There are many schools and other educational institutions in his honour in the country and Punjab.