Know in detail about International Peace Day 2020

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The International Day of Peace is celebrated every year on 21 September. This holiday is sanctioned by the United Nations and it was for the first time celebrated in 1981. This day is sanctioned for maintaining peace in the world and for making sure the world knows the importance of being without war and violence (these also include ceasefires that are done in different combat zones). This day is celebrated in and by many countries, different groups like political groups, many military groups, and different people too. On this day, the inauguration is done in a very unique way, in UN headquarters that is in New York City, there the United Nations Peace Bell is rung. This bell was made with various coins that were donated by children from all over the world and from many countries and almost all continents except Africa. And it was a gift from the United Nations Association of Japan and they gifted it to remind the cost of humans in war and on the side of it they also mentioned, “Long live absolute world peace”.

The International Day of Peace is seen as a day where the UN body asks the countries to celebrate the day by having “24 hours of non-violence”. This means that in the countries there should not be any case of violence and slowly this approach should always be kept in mind and also should be maintained for each and every day of the year. In 2001, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) voted to call for “non-violence and cease-fire” on world peace day. India is known in the world to have a great legacy in terms of peace as here the great leader who always promoted non – violence, Mahatma Gandhi was there. He said, “There is no path to peace, peace is the path”.

Since its starting, this day tends to have different themes for each year, and for this year 2020 the theme set by United Nations is “Shaping Peace Together”. This year the UN wants to encourage people to “celebrate the day by spreading compassion, kindness, and hope in the face of the (COVID-19) pandemic.” They also stated, “COVID-19 has reminded us that we are all interconnected and need to work together to overcome global challenges.” As this year COVID has emerged as a global pandemic and a type of pandemic that has disturbed peace all over the world, so, there is a need of people to come together and maintain peace. This peace should be maintained always by keeping in mind the importance of peace.

All over the world, there are many countries as we know and each country has different types of cultures and each culture has different symbols for different things. And for peace to there are many symbols, this means that to depict peace and to show peace there are many symbols that are used worldwide. But there are some symbols that are very common all over the world like the dove and olive leaf. In 1949, for the first time legendary Spanish artist Pablo Picasso’s ‘Dove of Peace’ was chosen as the emblem for the First International Peace Conference in Paris. According to, “it was a traditional, realistic picture of a pigeon which had been given to him by his great friend and rival, the French artist Henri Matisse. Picasso later developed this image into a simple, graphic line drawing that is one of the world’s most recognizable symbols of peace”.

In different mythologies too like Greek mythology, the dove is used to portray love and peace and it is also the symbol for the renewal of life. Christians too at a time used doves to depict baptism. In the Bible, legend says, Noah sent a pigeon when the floodwaters retreated. The fowl returned with an olive leaf, to show that the Biblical flood was finished and that life had gotten back to Earth. Numerous Western nations likewise utilize the olive branch as an image of harmony. The Greeks accepted that an olive branch implied plenitude and drove insidious away.