The name of Jagdish Chandra Bose is taken as the first scientific researcher in Modern Indian Science. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Bose brought the country to the global stage in science with his contributions. He has done the work of connecting subjects like physics, botany, biology with Indian culture. While contributing to scientific literature, ordinary people also got a chance to get acquainted with science. He is known as the father of radio communication. The nation is remembering him on his birthday on November 30.
Early education in own village
Jagdish Chandra Bose was born on November 30, 1858, in the village of Rarauli, Memansingh in East Bengal under British rule, which is now in Bangladesh. His father, Bhagwan Chandra Basu, was the leader of the Brahmo Samaj and deputy magistrate or assistant commissioner in many places under British rule. Bose did his early education in a school in the same village established by his father.
Interest in biology since childhood
Since childhood, Bose has been very interested in being close to nature. For this reason, his deep interest in biology was also awakened. At the age of 11, he came to Calcutta and enrolled in St. Xavier’s School. After this, he went to London to study medical science. But due to ill health, he left his intention to become a doctor and went to Cambridge College, where he studied physics as a major.
Dedication to teaching
Bose returned home in 1885 and began teaching as an assistant professor at the Presidency College, Calcutta. Opposed to the low salary of Indian professors compared to English professors, he taught for three years without pay, but he did not stop teaching. Some of Bose’s students, like Satendra Nath Bose, later became famous physicists.
Plants have life
Jagdish Chandra Bose invented an instrument called the task graph. It could measure different waves in the vicinity. Later he proved through experiments that there is life in trees and plants. This experiment to prove it took place in the Royal Society, and his discovery was appreciated worldwide.
Father of radio communication
In the scientific section, it is believed that radio could be developed only from a device like Bose’s made wireless radio. But due to being patented in his own name, the credit for the invention of the radio is given to Italian scientist G. Marconi. Even Marconi received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics for this discovery.
Bose and the Upanishads
Bose gave the Vedanta and Upanishads a scientific side, which influenced personalities like Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, and Sister Nivedita. Sister Nivedita edited her famous book ‘Response in the Living and Non-Living’ on Upanishad based science. The correspondence between Nivedita and Tagore also shows that Nivedita edited the works of Bose after much study of Vedanta and Upanishads.
Bose is also called the father of Bengali science literature. In 1896, Bose wrote the Niruddeshar Kahani, a short story but became part of his compilation Abhyakt in 1921. He was awarded the title of knighthood in 1917, after which Bose came to be known as Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose. He died on November 23 1937, at the age of 78.