International Tiger Day

International Tiger Day 2022: History, Significance and Theme

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Every year, the globe commemorates International Tiger Day to increase public awareness of the need to protect tigers, which have been listed as an endangered species in several countries. The unique day, also known as Global Tiger Day, is of utmost importance since tigers have drastically declined in population over the past 150 years.

Several countries have made significant steps to stop poaching, habitat destruction, the illicit wildlife trade, and human-animal conflicts in response to the dwindling number of tigers. In many nations, the protection of tigers has benefited from these actions.


Surprisingly, by 2010, there were just 3200 tigers left in the world, a record low for the species. Many governments were frightened by this, prompting them to act swiftly to protect large cats. The idea for Global Tiger Day was initially presented in 2010 during the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia. An agreement to save tigers was signed by several countries. Thirteen of these countries, including India, Russia, and China, are in the range of the tigers.

At the Saint Petersburg Summit, the nations adopted a resolution calling for a doubling of tigers by 2022, which is also the Chinese year of the tiger. The World Wide Fund for Nature refers to this initiative as TX2. This is now regarded as the most challenging conservation objective for any wild animal.

The theme for International Tiger Day

It is thought that preserving the tiger goes much beyond merely preserving an iconic animal. Surprisingly, just 13 countries are home to tigers, and of them, 70% of the big animals are situated in India. The day is observed each year with a new topic, and this year’s theme is “India starts Project Tiger to revitalise the tiger population.” The day was observed last year with the slogan “Their Survival is in Our Hands.”

Interestingly, India has 2,967 tigers according to the fourth stage of the national evaluation of tiger counts completed in 2018.