Scientists depend on fossils to know the evolution of human life on Earth. Based on these, human ancestors are also classified. So far, the Middle Pleistocene era is considered very important in the information of human ancestors. During this period, between 774 thousand and 129 thousand years, the modern human species evolved into Homosapiens in Africa and Neanderthals in Europe. Our scientists have very little information about this era. This problem is called by archaic anthropologists “middle in the middle”. Now with the discovery of new species, this problem seems to be solved.
After this study, the declaration of the existence of the species Homo bodoensis will prove to be an essential part of human evolution, and it will also explain this era. Dr. Mirjana Roksandik, the lead author of the study and an archaeologist at the University of Winnipeg’s Department of Anthropology, says that a lot has been learned about the Middle and Late Neolithic periods in recent decades.
Roksandik said, “We now know that Homo sapiens originated in Africa during the North-central Neolithic period. It was previously thought to be somewhat different. It has also become clear that this species started coming out of Africa only 60 thousand years ago.
Other species information
Homo bodoensis was expanded in many small waves, with the most significant expansion or disintegration occurring only after 60 thousand years. In the last two decades, there have been more studies on the Homo lineage. Important information has been received about those species of the lineage of Homo sapiens that were not considered unique in their evolution.
Difference of geographical groups
Researchers say that the Middle Ages is no longer a problem like a Muddle in the Middle. But this is turning out to be an important time in which two significant features of the human figure were revealed: Greater Encephalization and Small Teeth. Geographical groups can be differentiated based on these properties.
Only two species
The discovery and determination of Homo bodoensis as the closest human ancestor is based on the study of fossils from the same period in Africa and Eurasia. Traditionally, fossils were determined to be either Homo heidelberggensis or Homo hodacensis, which often had conflicting definitions.
Roksandik explains that it was impossible to talk about human evolution during this period because there was a lack of proper terminology denoting human geographic variations. Even earlier, archaic anthropologists had found fossils of Homo heidelberggensis that actually belonged to the ancient Neanderthals, leading to confusion in the name. For this reason, the name had to be dropped when the human fossil of East Asia was being interpreted.
This study, published in Evolutionary Anthropology, states that Bodoensis is from Bodo Dar in Ethiopia, where its fossil Bodo-1 was found. This fossil was of an adult, which may have been of a male. Under the new classification, Bodoensis will be called humans of the Middle Ages, found in Africa and southeastern Europe.