Gynecologist about contraceptives: “The most popular – not the most effective”.
Sexologists notice that sexually relaxed in July and August, and in summer, the sales of emergency contraceptives increase in pharmacies. This is the first aid to prevent unplanned pregnancy, but should be used only in extreme cases and in the light of the rules of use.
The fact that during the most sexy times people relax in July and August, the mood for the holiday and respite from work is determined.
A survey conducted by the University of Damascus shows that after random sex 80%. Men are pleased, satisfied and satisfied with their self-esteem. However, just half of the women surveyed felt the rest, and the rest were blamed for guilty, shame, stress and even self-abomination.
Guided by myths
BENU pharmacies’ statistics show that in the period from January to May this year, emergency contraception measures have been sold at 7.9%. more than during the same period last year.
The reasons why some women do not use long-term contraceptives are often related to a wide range of myths and a lack of medical knowledge. For example, they think hormonal contraceptive pills are forgotten, and various spirals and rings are foreign bodies that interfere with sexual intercourse.
Another myth is that supposed contraceptives cause infertility, with weight gain, that the uterus is not suitable for unborn women, and interrupted sexual intercourse is an effective and safe method of contraception.
Pharmacist Inga Norkiene observes that part of the couples who refuse to use hormonal preparations and barrier measures chooses to guard “naturally” – counting fruitful and infertile days of the cycle, although this method is the most unreliable.
“Natural ways do not cost anything, but do not offer any guarantees. It’s hard to know exactly what day ovulation will take, because it does not necessarily take place in the cycle of day 14.”
“Natural ways do not cost anything, but also do not give any guarantees. It’s hard to know exactly what day ovulation will take, because it does not necessarily take place in the cycle of day 14. The spermatozoa, which has fallen into the female genital tract, can fertilize the egg within five days, “the pharmacist notes.
However, if insecure sexual intercourse has taken place and stranger does not wait for the moment, the emergency contraception tablet, according to I. Norkienė, should be taken as soon as possible: “The time after unsafe relationships is shorter, the more effective it is. It’s best to take the tablet within 12 hours of the relationship, at the latest – within 72 hours, “she advises.
According to the pharmacist, it should be known that the effectiveness of these tablets can be reduced by other medicines used, such as medicines to treat fungal diseases or those containing St. John’s wort. It may be necessary to choose alternatives to the emergency contraception method, the copper-bearing uterus spiral, for other medicines currently in use or used for a few weeks or for existing diseases (eg liver disorders). This procedure is performed by a gynecologist. It should be planned within 5 days of unsafe sex.
The most popular ones are not the most effective
According to gynecologist Tom Lūža, currently the most popular protection in Lithuania is condoms and birth control pills. True, both of these measures are not the most effective.
“The credibility of contraception depends not only on the composition of the particular instrument, but also on its user. Safer ones are those that do not need to be used, changed or used daily for each sexual intercourse, “explains the gynecologist.
According to him, one of the most reliable contraceptive measures is currently considered the uterine helix and contraceptive implants, operating in 3-5 years. More convenient than tablets is a contraceptive vaginal ring that needs to be changed only once a month, or a patch, replaced every three weeks for weekly breaks.
Less reliable means, according to T.Luze, are everyday contraceptive pills, disposable condoms and local action (or spermicidal) measures. The latter are considered to be the most unreliable due to their mild side effects and are not recommended for use with a condom. “Women using spermicidal drugs increase the risk of urinary tract and vaginal infections, these measures do not protect against sexually transmitted infections, and vaginal irritation increases the likelihood of HIV transmission,” said a gynecologist.
Reliability is not always a priority
T. Louise notices that although the uterine spirals, like implants, are effective, for some women, these measures are unacceptable due to the fact that they can not inject themselves, this requires medication and medical intervention.
Contraceptive pills are not suitable for those women who have always forgotten to take it. This medication is also not recommended for elderly women with liver, cardiovascular disease, venous problems and blood clotting. Even condoms, for example, due to allergy to latex, are not suitable for everyone.
According to a gynecologist, it is important to find a compromise in finding the most appropriate measures for both partners. He does not appear, sometimes couples turn to radical alternatives – the path of emergency contraception is chosen.
According to the gynecologist, this is a big misunderstanding, because they should be taken when there is no other choice.
“On the one hand, the more often these pills are good, the more their effectiveness decreases. On the other hand, almost every standard course of conventional birth control pills is available in one emergency contraceptive pill. Because of such large and sudden hormonal jumps, the entire hormonal background of the woman, the menstrual cycle, is often disrupted “- the doctor may explain the potential side effect.
Therefore, for the purpose of high-quality sexual life and successful family planning, it is important to improve the system of sexual education, to eliminate myths and to promote a responsible attitude towards one’s health and a new life.