Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi Jayanti 2020: Let’s know about Mahatma Gandhi and the significance of Gandhi Jayanti

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Mahatma Gandhi is an example for all of us. He has a huge contribution in providing independence to India. He remained without eating many times in these movements. Come on Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti, through this lake, study about him and what he liked to eat.

Mahatma Gandhi’s full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and he played an important role in the Indian independence movement. He was the political leader of the movement who always played an important role in the freedom of India by following the principles of Satyagraha and non-violence. He is also called the Father of the Nation. As we know, he was a vegetarian and his mother’s influence was seen in his life. He lived his life with simplicity, simple life and precious thoughts.

The whole of India fondly calls Mahatma Gandhi as Bapu. He was born on 2 October in Porbandar. His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi, who was the Diwan of Rajkot. His mother’s name was Putlibai. She was a woman of religious views. He had studied law in England and after returning from there, he started practising in Bombay. He was a priest of truth and non-violence.

Mahatma Gandhi was the leader, who walked on the path of non-violence and raised his voice against British rule. He has also gained international fame for his non-violent protest theory. There is no doubt that Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement.

Mahatma Gandhi was given the title of Mahatma by Rabindra Nath Tagore and Gurudev gave the title of Gurudev to Rabindra Nath Tagore.

Gandhi Jayanti is one of the three national holidays of India, but why is it celebrated only on 2 October and what is its significance? Let’s know about it.

“A person is a creature created by his thoughts, he becomes what he thinks” – Mahatma Gandhi.

Why is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?
Mahatma Gandhiji’s full name is Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi and he was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He is also addressed as the Father of the Nation, Bapu.

Mahatma Gandhi was the man who fought for the freedom of India against the British throughout his life. Their goal was to build a new society through non-violence, honest and clean practices. He used to say that non-violence is a philosophy, a principle and an experience based on which it is possible to build a better society.

According to him, every person living in the society should get equal status and rights irrespective of their gender, religion, colour or caste.
“Freedom has no meaning if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes” – Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi is lauded in India and around the world as the best ideal to live life with a simple life, simplicity and dedication. The whole world has adopted his principles. His life is an inspiration in itself. That is why Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national holiday on his birthday i.e. on 2 October.

According to the National and Festive Holidays Act 1963, there is a provision to give a full day’s leave to every employee on 26 January, 15 August, 2 October, 1 May and five other holidays in each calendar year.

Not only this, but his birthday is also celebrated as International Nonviolence Day. On 15 June 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared 2 October as International Nonviolence Day.

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi is a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He requested the people for the first time in the history of India that Indians should not just celebrate this day as a holiday but also take a pledge of “Clean Campaign” program and help to keep India clean.

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national holiday in India. It is celebrated by paying tribute and honour in front of the Gandhi statue in prayer meetings and Rajghat New Delhi.

Prayers are held at the tomb of Mahatma Gandhi in the presence of the President and Prime Minister of India, where he was cremated.

His most favourite and devotional song Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram is known in his memory.

This day is also celebrated as International Nonviolence Day across India.

Most schools celebrate Gandhi Jayanti a day in advance. All these celebrations influence the principles of life that Gandhiji had stated: discipline, peace, honesty, non-violence and faith.

“First he will not pay attention to you, then laugh at you, then fight you and then you will win” – Mahatma Gandhi

In many places in India, people sing Bapu’s famous song “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram”, pray and pay homage to Gandhiji through a memorial ceremony.

What is the significance of Gandhi Jayanti?

Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to teaching the world the lesson of peace and non-violence is parallel. Their education is that all kinds of conflicts should be resolved through non-violence.

At the same time, the solution of every big and small problem in this world should be removed with peace and non-violence so that a better environment can be created for the people to live.



Important facts about Mahatma Gandhi

-Mahatma Gandhi’s father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and his mother’s name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhiji was the last child of his father’s fourth wife. His father was the Diwan of a small princely state (Porbandar) of Kathiawar during the British Raj.

-In 1883, he was married to 14-year-old Kasturba as soon as he completed the age of 13 and a half years. Mohandas and Kasturba had four sons.

-During his stay in South Africa, Gandhiji helped in the Anglo Boer War of 1899 as a health worker. But seeing the terrible picture of war, he decided to raise his voice against violence and thus he went on the path of non-violence,

-Gandhi’s Civil Rights Movement reached a total of 4 continents and 12 countries.

– Gandhiji helped to establish three football clubs in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg, South Africa. All three clubs had the same name – “Passive Resistors Soccer Club”.

-During his visit to England in 1931, Gandhiji gave a speech for America for the first time on the radio. His first words on the radio were “Do I have to speak (microphone) inside it?” “Do I have to speak into this thing?”

-in the year 1930, he was awarded “Most Important Person of the Year” by the prestigious Time magazine of America.

-Gandhiji fasted on several occasions before independence. Mahatma Gandhi fasted 17 times during the freedom movement. His longest fast was 21 days. Mahatma Gandhi kept all these fasts from 1913 to 1948. That is, even after getting independence, he kept fast.

– Mahatma Gandhi was given the title of “Rashtrapita” by Subhash Chandra Bose.

– On January 30, 1948, Gandhiji was shot dead by a person named Nathuram Godse.

– The funeral procession of Mahatma Gandhi was 8 km long.

-Gandhiji in his autobiography “The Story of My Experiments with Truth” has described the philosophy and the path of his life.

What did he Gandhiji to eat?

He used to give preference to mostly green leafy vegetables in food. Let us know what Bapu liked to eat or what he loved to eat.

Gourd or Pumpkin: Bapu used to use it in his food during the gourd season and it is said that he used to boil gourd.

Peda: Small and soft Mawa’s are very famous in Gujarat. Bapu ji loved peda. They used to eat it in sweets. Although he was very fond of sweets, Jalebi and Halwa also liked him, but later he also reduced the sweet food.

Tea and Coffee: He also abandoned tea and coffee at one time.

Curd and Buttermilk: Bapu ji often liked to have yogurt or buttermilk in his diet. In one of his books, he has described his food in the chapter “Food Faddists” of Diet and Diet Reform.

Bapu Ji believed that people should eat according to what they want to eat and what they do not, so he said that ‘let everyone do their experiments on food and let them decide what they want to eat’. Bapu Ji considered pure and sattvic food to be good and used boiled vegetables without oil salt.

Gandhi Jayanti 2020: Mahatma Gandhi’s slogan
1. Do or die.

2. Quit India.

3. Where there is love, there is life.

4. God has no religion.

5. Where there is purity, there is fearlessness.

6. To ask for a favour, to sell one’s freedom.

7. To ask for one’s favour, to sell one’s freedom.

8. Abuse of ears corrupts and disturbs the mind.

9. There is no language of the heart, it speaks with the heart.

10. I am ready to die, but there is no reason for which I am willing to kill.

11. You will never be able to understand who is important to you until you actually lose them.

12. Some people in the world are so hungry that God cannot see them in any other form except as a bread-giver.

13. All the religions of the world, even if they differ in other things, but all are unanimous that nothing in the world is true.

14. Always aim for complete harmony of your thoughts, words and deeds. Always aim to cleanse your thoughts and everything will be alright.

15. You can chase me, torture me, even you can destroy this body, but you can never capture my thoughts.