The coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic is the significant worldwide health crisis of our era and the supreme challenge we have faced since World War Two. Since its appearance in China, in December 2019, the virus has reached every continent (almost in 185 countries) excluding Antarctica. COVID-19 is a contagious disease caused by a novel Coronavirus.
Coronavirus or Covid-19
Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses that generally cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory-tract infections, like the common cold. Though, over the past few decades, three new coronaviruses have come out from animal reservoirs to cause severe and pervasive illness and fatality.
The newly discovered virus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
The most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19):
3. Dry cough
5. loss of appetite,
6. loss of smell
7. body ache
The majority of people (about 80%) get well from the disease without requiring particular treatment. In a few people, COVID-19 causes more severe symptoms like:
1. High fever,
2. Severe cough
3. Shortness of breath,
The ways COVID-19 spread
The COVID-19 can spread from person to person through tiny droplets from the nose or mouth when a person with COVID-19 coughs or sneezes. This can spread in two ways:
a) Direct close contact: A person can acquire the contagion by being in close contact (within 1 meter) with COVID-19 patients, particularly if they do not cover up their face when coughing or sneezing.
b) Indirect contact: the droplets stay alive on surfaces and clothes for several days. Consequently, touching any such infected surface or cloth and then touching one’s mouth, nose or eyes can transmit the disease.
Studies point out that people who are infected but do not have symptoms probably also play a role in the spread of COVID-19. When COVID-19 is spreading in your region, each person should bind close contact with persons outdoor. While people can spread the virus before they are acquainted with they are sick, it is essential to stay away from others when feasible, even if you have no symptoms.
Across the world are reacting to the COVID-19 pandemic, and social distancing is a fundamental phase of plans to bind the spread of the virus.
Social distancing or physical distancing is keeping distance between yourself and another person outdoor of your residence. To carry out social or physical distancing:
- Keep a distance of at least 6 feet (2 meters) from another person
- Avoid gathering in groups
- Stay out of crowded places and keep away from mass gatherings
In addition to daily steps to prevent COVID-19, maintaining the distance between you and others is the best tool we have to evade being exposed to this virus and slowing its reach locally and across the country and world.
Importance of social distancing
There is proof from preceding outbreaks, counting the 1918 flu pandemic and the 2014 Ebola outbreak, as well as from outbreak simulations, that social distancing can efficiently bound the spread of infections. We don’t know precisely how the new coronavirus spreads, but alike viruses are primarily transmitted by droplets produced from the mouths and noses of infected people when they cough or sneeze.
It could be possible that a person can acquire COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface or object then touching their mouth, nose, or eyes. Coronaviruses can live for hours or days on a surface. Social distancing facilitates to bound contact with infected people and contaminated exteriors.
Tips for social distancing
- Pursue directions from authorities of your areas.
- If you require shopping for food or medication at the grocery store or medical store, keep a distance of at least 6 feet from others. Better to think about a grocery or medication delivery service.
- Wear a mask or cover your face, mouth, nose, and eyes with cloths when around others.
- Keep away from large and small gatherings in personal places and public places, such as parks, restaurants, shops, or any other place. This recommendation applies to a person of any age group.
- If possible Work from home.
- Evade using any type of public transport, ride-sharing, or taxis, when possible.
- If you are a student or parent, speak to your school about alternatives for online classes.
Keep yourself connected even as staying away. It is exceptionally essential to stay in touch with friends and family who are not living in your home. Stay connected with the help of Phone Calls, video chat, or social media.