Climate change

Climate change: multi-million dollar space mission will keep an eye on storms

cosmos science World

One of the worrying effects of climate change includes the uncertainty of weather and the intensity of storms. This significant change has troubled many countries of the world. The dangers of migration and displacement are increasing in many countries; on the other hand, many countries will now have to be prepared to bear more losses.

In the latter part of this decade, NASA will send a new space mission that will also give information about the effects of tropical storms on their weather and climate models. On the other hand, scientists are warning that weather events will now show their more extreme effects.

What is the purpose of this campaign?
NASA’s Earth science campaign is named Investigation of Convective Updrafts (INCUS). Its three small satellites will be sent into space, in which there will be extreme coordination among themselves. This mission will be launched in 2027, which will be part of NASA’s Earth Venture program. This objective will be to find out the science behind storms, heavy rains, and cloud formation at someplace.

How do storms come?
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) selected INCUS through an application from Earth Venture Mission-3, which called for a full-fledged space-based investigation to find answers to important scientific questions. This campaign will directly investigate how and why storms, heavy rains, and clouds occur at a particular place. This campaign has been created based on the Earth Science Decadal Survey of the year 2017 of the National Academic of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Climate study will be better
The objective of this campaign is to guide urgent but sensitive research and observation. Karen St. Germain, director of NASA’s Earth Science Division, said, “Knowing how storms develop and intensify in a changing climate will enable better weather patterns and the ability to forecast extreme weather risk.

How much will it cost?
He said that this information would not only deepen scientific understanding of Earth’s processes but it will also help in providing information to communities around the world. The cost of this mission is estimated to be $ 177 million, which does not include the launch cost. NASA has not yet announced a launcher for this mission. Adding launch costs will also increase the cost of this mission.

Extreme weather events have started happening
This announcement by NASA comes when scientists have warned that climate change is affecting the global weather pattern, and if the situation remains like this, then extreme weather events will be seen to happen more. They are already studying how climate change increases the warming of the oceans and makes storms more intense and frequent.

More such storms come near India
Cyclonic storms are already showing signs of becoming more intense and coming more frequently. Scientists have recently released a report in which they have told that severe cyclonic storms in the northern region of the Indian Ocean have shown an increasing trend in the last four decades. This rising trend is higher relative humidity, exceptionally moderate atmospheric levels, weak standing air shear, and warm sea surface temperatures.

Tropical cyclonic seasons in the Indian Ocean form between April and December. In this, they are at their peak between May and November. At the same time, the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has estimated that the season of intense hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean began in May this year. Incas will fill the necessary gap in understanding the changes in the movement of all these types of storms.