Among the effects of climate change, the rising sea level of the oceans is considered the most significant or most damaging effect. In such a situation, there is a danger of drowning many residential areas living near the sea. Due to this, many people will have to leave their homes and migrate to another place. Along with this side effect of climate change, other reasons like water scarcity and a decrease in agricultural production will also force people to migrate. The World Bank report has warned that due to climate change, 216 million people will have to be displaced in their own country by the year 2050.
Picture of the whole world
This report has been released as an update of the 2018 World Bank report. It includes new data for Eastern Europe, Central Asia, North Africa, East Asia, and the Pacific Regions on the damage caused by rising temperatures worldwide. The whole picture is presented.
Significant factors of climate change
It has been said in the report that climate change is becoming the most significant factor of displacement. In this, along with the rising water level of the oceans, the lack of food and water are the main reasons. Due to this, tension has started increasing among people for a living and other humanitarian causes. Jürgen Voegele, the World Bank’s vice president for sustainable development, says the figures give a global assessment of how large the displacement rate threat has become.
Such areas will start growing
Voyzelle warned that if decisive steps are not taken, such climate displacement hotspots can become visible within a decade, and by the year 2050, they will start forming very rapidly. This would be because people would have to leave places where they would not be able to sustain their living and go to other areas for possibilities.
What was in the 2018 report
In 2018, the bank was told about the impact of climate change on the displacement of South Asia, Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa in a report of researchers. It was said in the statement that by the year 2050, about 143 million people will be displaced from these areas. This estimate has been updated by the researchers.
This figure may be less
Vijele points out that the point to note is that this estimate is not final. Suppose the world’s countries start reducing greenhouse gases now, bridging the growth gap, restoring essential ecosystems, and helping people adapt to new changes. In that case, the internal climate Displacement can be as low as 80 percent. Due to this, by the year 2050, the displaced will remain up to 44 million.
Figure may increase
But along with this, the report has also warned that this figure may go further instead of decreasing. This is because North America, the Middle East, and small island countries have not been included in the data for this study. At the same time, the results of this report can have a significant impact on many countries. They are often not prepared to deal with new displacement.
Viagele says that everything depends on the steps taken to deal with climate change in the next half-century. It is impossible to prevent complete displacement of the whole. Still, if properly managed, a change in population distribution can become part of an effective adaptation strategy that allows people to rise above poverty and make a good living.