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A new threat to the world. Everything you need to know about the bubonic plague.

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Even as the world attempts to deal with the current novel coronavirus outbreak that is extremely deadly, a suspected case of bubonic plague, also called the black death, has been reported in North China’s region of Inner Mongolia. On the 5th of July 2020, Sunday, the health committee in Bayannur have issued a third-level warning for plague prevention and control that will last till the end of 2020, reported Xinhua.

For all those who don’t know what the bubonic plague is, according to the public domain, bubonic plague is the most common form of plague that’s caused by bacteria. Basically, there are three main types of plague – bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic – depending on which part of the body is involved. Bubonic plague affects the lymphatic system – a part of the immune system – causing inflammation in the lymph nodes. The infection can be deadly and can spread to other parts of the body if not treated with appropriate antibiotics.

The symptoms of this plague are similar to that of the novel coronavirus. Usually, people infected with plague have flu-like symptoms two to three days after infection. Symptoms of bubonic plague include:
Sudden onset of fever and chills
Headache
Muscle aches
Fatigue
Seizures
Individuals may also develop painful swollen lymph glands, called buboes – which are about the size of a chicken egg and situated in the armpit, groin, or neck. Perhaps, the buboes are what give the disease – bubonic plague – its name.

Like I said before, this too is somewhat similar to novel coronavirus. The bubonic plague is a bacterial infection – caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It can spread through contact with infected fleas. The infection is usually contracted when an infected rodent or flea bites you. You can get bubonic plague through direct contact with an infected animal or person by eating an infected animal.

The Bubonic plague is treated using strong antibiotics. As of now, there’s no cure or vaccine for it apparently. So all you can do is take precautions.
You may consider taking the following precautions especially if you live in a region where plague occurs:

Take steps to reduce rodent habitat around your home, workplace, and recreational areas.
Ensure that your home and outbuildings are rodent-proof.

Keep your pets free of fleas.

Wear gloves when handling potentially infected animals to prevent contact between your skin and the plague bacteria.

Use insect repellent if you suspect you’re at risk of being exposed to fleas – opt for products containing DEET that can be applied to the skin as well as clothing.