The central cabinet has approved the proposal to amend the 2 laws to further strengthen the National Investigation Agency (NIA) in the investigation of terror cases in the country and abroad. The cabinet has approved amendments to the illegal activity (prevention) law, which will enable terrorists to be declared terrorists. At the same time, the proposal for amendment in the NIA Act has also been approved so that the agency can be strengthened. After this amendment, the agency can also investigate by registering a case in the event of damage to Indian citizens or their interests outside India.
After the National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill comes, the scope of the cases will increase, whose agency can investigate. Many new crimes are also being added in the NIA Act. These include the cyber terraum filed under section 66 F of Information Technology Act 2000, along with IPC offenses related to human trafficking under section 370 and 371, often involving interstate and international links. In order to amend the NIA law and illegal activity (Prevention) law, different legislation will be brought to Parliament in the next few days.
According to the draft of the NIA (Amendment) Bill, the agency will not be required to seek the permission of the top police officer in any state. Although the NIA still does not have to get permission from anyone before the investigation, unless the situation of law and order is worrisome. At the same time, the proposed amendment in the Illegal Activity (Prevention) Act will allow the government to declare terrorism-linked people (Lashkar-e-Taiba gangster Hafiz Saeed and Jaish-e-Mohammad Head Masood Azhar) as terrorists. Only organizations can now be declared a ‘terrorist organization’.
Another proposed amendment allows the NIA court to nominate a judge from his position rather than his name. Adding a person to ‘list of terrorists’ helps in putting travel bans on him and limiting access to funds and other facilities of such people. According to the standards of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the laws of the Member States should be consistent with the laws of the United Nations, in which the provision of declaring individuals as a global terrorist.